Transport system development is a priority for the Republic of Azerbaijan. Along with the infrastructural sectors of economy like energy, communications, education and healthcare, the transport sector must meet the basic needs of the population and contribute to social, economic, foreign policy and other goals of the government.
The country joined the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic in 1997 that specifies standard safe traffic rules. With regards to safety, transport system development and improvement are very important for the country. Recently, both in Baku and other cities of the country, the government successfully repaved road networks, constructed bridges, underpasses, and multilevel and underground car parks.
Automobile roads are administered by the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Azerbaijan. According to the Presidential Decree dated June 10, 2003 and the Directive of the Ministry of Transport No.4 dated June 24, 2003, two departments were established at the Ministry: Avtonegliyatservis and Yolnegliyatservis.
The Heydar Aliyev International Airport meets international requirements and, thanks to its location, has become the no.1 airport in the region in terms of north-south, east-west cross-border transport routes.
Other airports in Azerbaijan are located in cities of Ganja, Lankaran, Nakhchivan, Gabala and Zagatala. In 2017, reconstruction of the international airport in Naftalan will start, and will make it the seventh largest airport in the country. After it resumes operations, the airport will obtain the status of “International Airport”.
Azerbaijan Railways trains run between Baku and Tyumen, Rostov, Kharkov, Kiev, Saint-Petersburg, Moscow, Makhachkala. The completion of a route between Baku, Tbilisi and Kars is expected by the end of 2017.
Currently, the Baku metro system has 25 stations, one electric depot and three lines of 36.6 km in total. According to the Development Concept of Baku Metro, in the future Baku metro will have five lines: three existing (green, red and violet) and two new (blue and yellow), 76 stations and 119 km of line. In these plans, the construction of the fifty-first new station and 84.4 km of metro lines is envisaged.