Transport system of Azerbaijan

Transport system development is a priority for the Republic of Azerbaijan. Along with the infrastructural sectors of economy like energy, communications, education and healthcare, the transport sector must meet the basic needs of the population and contribute to social, economic, foreign policy and other goals of the government.
The country joined the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic in 1997 that specifies standard safe traffic rules. With regards to safety, transport system development and improvement are very important for the country. Recently, both in Baku and other cities of the country, the government successfully repaved road networks, constructed bridges, underpasses, and multilevel and underground car parks.

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Automobile roads

Automobile roads of the Republic of Azerbaijan cover the whole existing road network of the country. According to 2015 statistics, the length of general purpose is 19,002 km, including 4,645 km of national and 14,357 of local roads. There are over 1,463 bridges of almost 50,652 linear meters in the country. During the last 11 years, Azerbaijan has implemented projects in the construction of highways, bridges, and road hubs. Constructed and rehabilitated roads meet modern quality standards and are connected to international transport routes.
Automobile roads are administered by the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Azerbaijan. According to the Presidential Decree dated June 10, 2003 and the Directive of the Ministry of Transport No.4 dated June 24, 2003, two departments were established at the Ministry: Avtonegliyatservis and Yolnegliyatservis.
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There are six operating airports in Azerbaijan. The largest one is Heydar Aliyev Baku International Airport located 20 km. north-east of the capital city. Two modern bus routes with buses manufactured in 2008 and 2009 are available between the airport and the city. Azerbaijan Airlines registration point of the national flag. Unlike many other international airports, duty free shops are available not only in the departures zone but also the arrivals zone. Payment can be made with credit cards as well as in cash in AZN, USD, Euros, and Russian roubles.
The Heydar Aliyev International Airport meets international requirements and, thanks to its location, has become the no.1 airport in the region in terms of north-south, east-west cross-border transport routes.
Other airports in Azerbaijan are located in cities of Ganja, Lankaran, Nakhchivan, Gabala and Zagatala. In 2017, reconstruction of the international airport in Naftalan will start, and will make it the seventh largest airport in the country. After it resumes operations, the airport will obtain the status of “International Airport”.
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The first railway was constructed in Azerbaijan in 1878 and the Azerbaijan State Railway Company was established on January 20, 1880. After the retrieval of national independence, a number of measures were taken to increase passenger transportation volume. Passenger trains were repaired at the highest standards and five new electric trains were imported for internal transportation, one of them currently operating on the route to Yalama. The focus remains on resuming high speed train routes to Baku villages, constructing a new railway to the Heydar Aliyev International Airport and shortly, new trains capable of 100 km/hour will be launched to Ganja. Railway tickets are sold online, and anyone can book tickets from anywhere via Internet.
Azerbaijan Railways trains run between Baku and Tyumen, Rostov, Kharkov, Kiev, Saint-Petersburg, Moscow, Makhachkala. The completion of a route between Baku, Tbilisi and Kars is expected by the end of 2017.

Baku metro

Launched on November 6, 1967, the Baku metro is an urban underground passenger transport service.
Currently, the Baku metro system has 25 stations, one electric depot and three lines of 36.6 km in total. According to the Development Concept of Baku Metro, in the future Baku metro will have five lines: three existing (green, red and violet) and two new (blue and yellow), 76 stations and 119 km of line. In these plans, the construction of the fifty-first new station and 84.4 km of metro lines is envisaged.